Sunday, April 28, 2019

Foundations of Tort Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Foundations of Tort - Essay ExampleThere are also intentional torts where the soul being accused psychic traumaed the separate with the full knowledge of what harm they are causing, for instance defamation and lastly there is strict liability tort which covers injuries people suffer from using products, for instance if a mortal is burnt with hot coffee from a company that did not provide this information, by writing, to the consumers (Butler 2000 162). Torts usually dissolver in stipend of the accusers, rather than the accused facing a jail term or other relatiative measures similar to those in criminal offences. Therefore torts are civil suits brought against other people. The plaintiff in a tort has to prove three things in order to be compensated. First, they have to prove that those rest accused have a moral and legal obligation to act in a cross way. Secondly, the plaintiff has to prove that the accused did not fulfill their obligation. Finally, she or he has to prove t hat she or he suffered an material loss because of the accused not fulfilling their duties. Only after these have been established does the plaintiff get punitive or compensatory damages. Torts usually arise from common law principles coupled with legal enactments. The tort rules on payment in Australia, especially those arising from accidents have been seen as being outdated, therefore inefficient in the way in which they work. In addition, if the party being sued is a government or public entity, there are several(prenominal) possibilities that people could exploit loopholes to get huge and undeserving compensation for mistakes of their own doing. Parties much(prenominal) as topical anaesthetic governments in cities and counties could be sued for carelessness by their residents should the latter feel that they have suffered a loss, physical harm or otherwise because the local government did not play its part in some sector or service provision, hence the loss suffered. Austra lia does not have a general system of compensation for victims, except in some very specific cases, for instance in traffic accidents. Thus, there is no cap on the amount of money that should be paid out to victims, leading to huge losings in cases of other forms of negligence by the authorities. However, due to the increase in law suits against authorities in Australia, there was a necessity to start reforming laws on lawsuits against authorities. This led to the Injury Prevention, Rehabilitation & Compensation carry 2001. However, the laws under this act are still taking a while to be implemented (Muirhead & Hocking 2001, p. 111). The native focus of the Australian tort law reform focuses more on insurance premiums as argue to the how deep taxpayers have to dig in their pockets to pay for the numerous lawsuits filed against the authorities. It is becoming a source of chafe for many citizens as to the source of money used to compensate victims who think they have been wronged b y the negligence of the authorities. A higher dependency on insurance premiums rather than public coffers has seen insurance premiums skyrocket to marvelous rates. This dependence has been brought about by the authorities using money in the public coffers as a last resort measure to compensate victims of the authorities negligence, leaving a bulk of the money spill to compensate on the shoulders of insurers. Application of such overreliance on insurers in other sectors where the government was the underwriter, for instance in the provision of medical and health care, has led to the insolvency of some big insurance companies and the withdrawal of others, because of the unprofitability of such undertakings. The result is that, at the end of the day, it is the taxpayers of a country who end up

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